11 Gardening Tips For Beginners
They say the grass is always greener on the other side. Well, how about you make your grass? Starting a garden is one of the most soul-satisfying experiences, and as tedious as the execution seems, it’s not the case. Planting flowers that bloom or forming a vegetable garden are pretty straightforward and rewarding activities. So, don’t hesitate in getting your hands a little dirty, even if you’re new to the world of gardening.
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Here’s a detailed guide on how to start gardening for beginners. You can consider this to be a categorised edition on making all your efforts count to create gorgeous views, delectable flavours and vibrant blooms. Indulge in some fantastic gardening tips and tricks on how to do gardening at home.
1. Choose a garden type
What type of garden do you fancy? A flower garden, vegetable garden or herb garden? If you choose to start a farm-to-fork system at your home where you directly use your kitchen produce, choose your plants according to the family’s tastebuds. On the other hand, if you want flowers for their vibrant colours, blooming with fragrance, then choose between two types of plants – One is the annual flowers that bloom in the summer but require to be replenished every spring. Simultaneously, the other option is plants that live a short bloom-life but show up again year after year.
If you’re confused, go for a combination of all 3, they make for a wholesome and beautiful garden. Do remember, if you take this route, then they will all have different maintenance requirements. We suggest you envision your ideal garden, start small and slowly grow into the perfect version.
2. Identify the perfect spot for your garden
This gardening tip is most important. Picking the right location for your garden is everything! Firstly, try to look for an area that doesn’t have fierce winds breezing through. Secondly, don’t forget to pick a flat location for your garden since a sloping garden might be hard, expensive, and time-consuming to maintain.
Try to keep your garden around your view, like on the balcony, right outside your main door, etc. After all, you’re a rookie, and you need to get used to having them around and not forget they exist.
3. Sun-kissed or not?
Most flowers and vegetables require about 6-8 hours of sunlight every day. This means you have to pick spots in your garden area that receive full sun and identify those that receive partial or full shade. In case the location you chose has no room for sunlight, you can grow a lot of plants except for a few, like tomatoes. This is the most critical task to get right as your plant’s sunlight requirements compulsorily have to be met. To get more informed about individual plants and their requirements, check with your local gardener and ensure they all thrive. Some plants even need growing space, so do your homework according to the area you live in and the availabilities you have.
4. Shower some water and love
Here’s providing you with one of the best gardening tips on a platter is to build your new garden close to a source of water. The area should be eligible for a hosepipe to run through so that you don’t have to drag buckets of water around every time your plants need showers of water and love from you.
A place where most people fail is to understand when their plants need to be watered. Here’s a life hack for a gardener: The easiest way to tell if plants need watering is to push your finger an inch right into the soil (Knuckle-deep), and if it comes out dry, it’s time to water the babies.
5. Some ‘Ground’ Rules
The ‘ground’ rule is that your soil must be power packed with nutrients and should be well-drained. Therefore, make your first move by analysing the texture of your soil. It should be crumbly and easy to dig into with a shovel. If the consistency is opposite (Like clay) and hard, make it hard for your plants to grow from their roots. In-case of rock-like soil go through the soil and get rid of the rocks. Does all this sound tedious? Well, improving the quality of the soil is not that difficult, and it has its benefits. Another gardener’s hack: Add organic compost made from vegetable peels, grounded coffee, lawn trimmings, crushed fruit peels or event tea compost to your soil to enhance its quality.
6. Grab those gardening weapons
After all the planning, you need to shop for some essential gardening tools to start implementing the plan.
Pruning Scissor: Own a pair of these and count it as essential to cut plants, bushes, and the unnecessary or dead parts of plants.
Digging tools: To prepare your soil to start planting your greens, you will require to purchase a spade and hand trowel to dig holes for your plants, and a garden fork is used for breaking the large clusters of soil and for clearing the roots of old plants Watering tools: You cannot possibly do without the generous garden hose (pipe) for more significant activities like watering the trees and more extensive areas all at one go. At the same time, watering can be used for small and delicate plants. Remember that your young and small plants cannot bear heavy pressure, so please sprinkle them with water, nothing beyond.
7. Observe, understand, decide, repeat!
Here’s where all the fun begins – picking your greens. Before you deep-dive into what you want to grow in your garden, do your homework and understand the plants. Some plants survive well in the shade, while others need direct sunlight. The best way to identify these differences is by checking your plant’s seed packaging for information on the plant’s nature.
Moreover, it’s easier to become a plant parent if you pick plants domestically grown in your area. Hack: Keep your eyes open and check which plants your neighbours are growing to understand the vibe of the space you’re in. All this together will give you a decent glimpse into the kind of plants that could thrive well in your garden.
8. Map it out
Before getting your hands dirty, map it all out! Plan where each one of your plants will be placed. The spacing matters a lot, especially for young plants who need legroom or else they could die. Label your plants at the initial stages, so you don’t forget them and can identify them.
Try giving them some quirky names – lastly, the only way for gardening beginners to stay organised is by charting out their plants’ progress. This way, you can exchange places or understand what they lack in-case they are not doing well where they are placed. They are like babies; you’ll appreciate them slowly but surely.
9. Plant with care
Now that all the groundwork is done, it’s time to sow the seeds that have been waiting to come to life. You can quickly master the art of planting by reading the back of your seed packet for instructions. Meanwhile, here are some things to remember while gardening at home:
- Observe the seed’s diameter and plant them around 3-4 times as deep as their size. If your packaging instruction says something else, follow it.
- Wrap the seeds with some soil and water them appropriately. Make sure the roots are not exposed.
- In-case of the young plants growing out of their pots and having to be transplanted to their dedicated spot, dig a hole twice as big as the root’s bottom. Make a thick layer or mountain of the soil, it can multiple your plant’s growths by adding some organic fertiliser. Place the ball of the root and cover the roots completely with the soil. Gently pour water after the plantation.
10. Mulch them up!
Mulch means material that is laid or spread over the soil’s surface as covering. Add about 2-3 inches of mulch around each of your plants. This will help protect the sun, evaporate as well as reduce the loss of moisture. This way, you don’t have to water your plants as often as you do, and your soil remains cool whilst looking more attractive on the garden bed. The best part, as and when the organic mulches decompose, they also support improving the soil’s fertility.
11. Maintain your beloved garden
Help your garden reach its full potential once it begins to grow. Cut out the dead vegetation, water the plants as required, get rid of insects, if any, by spraying some organic insecticidal soap off your vegetables, etc. Support tall plants, and as soon as your vegetables are ready, harvest them!
Enrich the soil with compost, and if you already have, you don’t require any kind of fertiliser. Some plants like corn and tomatoes need fertilisers for instant release once in 4 weeks or so. Don’t hesitate to ask your local gardener for additional help and read your packaging carefully. Lastly, stop and enjoy the aroma of fresh flowers, fruits, vegetables, herbs or whatever it is you’re growing.
These gardening tips can not only help you start your new garden but also provide you great ideas to keep your garden safe. So what are you waiting for, start gardening at home now.